Number of books in catholic and protestant bibles
Do Protestants and Catholics read from the same book? | golfschule-mittersill.comIs our Old Testament the same as a Jewish Bible? If not, why? In addition, the Greek Orthodox, or Eastern Orthodox, Church accepts a few more books as canonized scripture. To give you a quick overview of a complicated subject, here's what happened: Several hundred years before the birth of Christ, Babylonian conquerors forced the Jews to leave Jerusalem. Away from their Temple and, often, from their priests, the exiled people forgot how to read, write, and speak Hebrew. After a while, Jewish scholars wanted to make the Bible accessible again, so they translated Hebrew scriptures into the Greek language commonly spoken. Books of wisdom and histories about the period were added, too, eventually becoming so well known that Jesus and the earliest Christian writers were familiar with them.
The Bible Canon – 73 Books or 66 Books?
So why does the Catholic Bible have 73 books, while the Protestant Bible has only 66 books? In about AD, St. Athanasius came up with a list of 73 books for the Bible that he believed to be divinely inspired. The Council of Trent, in , reaffirmed St. So what happened? How come the King James Bible has only 66 books? Luther was basically following the example of the Jews at the time of Jesus, who could not agree on which books were divinely inspired.
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Why do Catholics Have More Books in Their Bible?
Even in the New Testament itself, we find references to the reading of the Law and the Prophets in synagogue services e. Luke , Acts After the Fall of Jerusalem in AD 70, the Jewish rabbis convened the Council of Jamnia , at which time they established what books would be considered their Sacred Scripture. Modern scholars note that Jamnia did not exclude any books definitively; a rigid fixing of the Jewish canon does not occur until at least years later, and even then other books— including the deuterocanonical books— were read and honored. Many Scripture scholars, however, have no doubt that the apostolic Church accepted the deuterocanonical books as part of its canon of Sacred Scriptures. For instance, Origen d. After the legalization of Christianity in , we find the Church striving to formalize what writings of the New Testament were truly considered inspired and authentic to the teachings of our Lord.
A Bible is a Bible. Or is it? When I taught religion at a Catholic high school, I always had to tell my students to be sure they had a Bible that was "Catholic. While all Christian Bibles have the same number of New Testament books, they do differ on the number of books found in the Old Testament. Catholics refer to these seven books as the "deuterocanonical" books, meaning the "second" standard books. Protestants refer to them as the "apocryphal," or "hidden," books.
But Protestants didn't just take out books; they used a different standard of what should be in the Bible. The Hebrew Bible has 24 books. This list, or "canon," was affirmed at the Councils of Jamnia in A. The Protestant Old Testament includes exactly the same information, but organized into 39 books. These books were included in the Septuagint, a Greek translation of a different Hebrew canon.