What is the domesday book and why was it created
Domesday Book - Ancient History EncyclopediaIt contains the results of a huge survey of land and landholding commissioned by William I in Domesday is by the far the most complete record of pre-industrial society to survive anywhere in the world and provides a unique window on the medieval world. Discover what life was like in 11th century England, from how society was ordered to what people ate. Explore our online resource about Domesday, with tasks and questions you can use in the classroom. In addition to enormous intangible and historical value, Domesday is a precious object and work of art that elicits awe and curiosity. Patented textile pattern by Christopher Dresser.
The Domesday Book
The survey, in the scope of its detail and the speed of its execution, was perhaps the most remarkable administrative accomplishment of the Middle Ages. The survey was carried out, against great popular resentment, in by seven or eight panels of commissioners, each working in a separate group of counties, for which they compiled elaborate accounts of the estates of the king and of his tenants in chief those who held their land by direct services to him. Domesday Book covers all of England except the northern areas. Though invariably called Domesday Book, in the singular, it in fact consists of two volumes quite different from each other. Volume I Great Domesday contains the final summarized record of all the counties surveyed except Essex , Norfolk , and Suffolk. For these three counties the full, unabbreviated return sent in to Winchester by the commissioners is preserved in volume II Little Domesday , which, for some reason, was never summarized and added to the larger volume. Several related documents survive, one of which is the Exon Domesday, an early draft of the return for the circuit comprising the counties of Somerset , Dorset , Wiltshire , Devon , and Cornwall.
Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of In , the Open Domesday site made the manuscript available online. The book is an invaluable primary source for modern historians and.
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Michael Wood - In Search of: William the Conqueror
Domesday Book was a comprehensive survey and record of all the landowners, property, tenants and serfs of medieval Norman England which was compiled in CE under the orders of William the Conqueror r. The precise purpose of the enterprise is not known but the most likely reason was to determine who legally owned what land, to settle disputes of ownership and to measure income, particularly agricultural income, in order to apply a future tax. The record is unique in European history and, packed full of statistics and snippets which reveal details of medieval life in England, it continues to be invaluable to modern historians. Domesday Book the name usually appears without an article reveals exactly what happened to the Anglo- Saxon nobility of England in the two decades following the Battle of Hastings in CE and the subsequent Norman conquest. Land, and consequently wealth, was also now in significantly fewer hands than before the conquest.
Residents of Hampstead might not be too pleased to learn that their exclusive London village once housed more pigs than people but this is just one of the fascinating insights to be gained from reading the Domesday Book. William needed to raise taxes to pay for his army and so a survey was set in motion to assess the wealth and and assets of his subjects throughout the land. First published in , it contains records for 13, settlements in the English counties south of the rivers Ribble and Tees the border with Scotland at the time. The information in the survey was collected by Royal commissioners who were sent out around England. They carried with them a set of questions and put these to a jury of representatives — made up of barons and villagers alike — from each county. Once they returned to London the information was combined with earlier records, from both before and after the Conquest, and was then entered, in Latin, into the final Domesday Book.