Face value and book value
Book value - WikipediaPar value is also called face value , and that is its literal meaning. The entity that issues a financial instrument assigns a par value to it. When shares of stocks and bonds were printed on paper, their par values were printed on the faces of the shares. Market value , however, is the actual price that a financial instrument is worth at any given time for trade on the stock market. Market value constantly fluctuates with the ups and downs of the markets as investors buy and sell shares.
Book Value, Market Value, Face Value of Share - #5 MASTER INVESTOR
Par Value vs. Market Value: What's the Difference?
In accounting , book value is the value of an asset  according to its balance sheet account balance. For assets, the value is based on the original cost of the asset less any depreciation , amortization or impairment costs made against the asset. Traditionally, a company's book value is its total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities. When intangible assets and goodwill are explicitly excluded, the metric is often specified to be "tangible book value". In the United Kingdom, the term net asset value may refer to the book value of a company. An asset's initial book value is its actual cash value or its acquisition cost. Cash assets are recorded or "booked" at actual cash value.
In this article, we'll delve into the differences between the two and how they are used by investors and analysts. Book value is also recorded as shareholders' equity. In other words, the book value is literally the value of the company according to its books balance sheet once all liabilities are subtracted from assets. The need for book value also arises when it comes to generally accepted accounting principles GAAP. According to these rules, hard assets like buildings and equipment listed on a company's balance sheet can only be stated according to book value.
Register now or log in to join your professional community. Par value is the issue price of a share or unit. Book value means net equity divided to number of shares or unit issue which may be more or less than par value. Whereas market value means the exchangeable rate of security in markets. Par Value and Book Value are the same i.