Philosophy questions and theories textbook pdf
Philosophy: Questions and Theories HZT4U Online Course - Virtual High School (Ontario)Such questions are often posed as problems   to be studied or resolved. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras c. Philosophical methods include questioning , critical discussion , rational argument , and systematic presentation. Philosophers also pose more practical and concrete questions such as: Is there a best way to live? Is it better to be just or unjust if one can get away with it? Historically, "philosophy" encompassed any body of knowledge.
Epistemology, Ontology, and Axiology in Research
This introductory article explains the coverage of this book, which is about the philosophical aspects of education. It explains that the philosophy of education is the branch of philosophy that addresses philosophical questions concerning the nature, aims, and problems of education. The book examines the problems concerning the aims and guiding ideals of education. It also explores the problems concerning students' and parents' rights, the best way to understand and conduct moral education, and the character of purported educational ideals. Keywords: education , philosophy , students' rights , parents' rights , moral education , educational ideals. Philosophy of education is that branch of philosophy that addresses philosophical questions concerning the nature, aims, and problems of education. As a branch of practical philosophy, its practitioners look both inward to the parent discipline of philosophy and outward to educational practice, as well as to developmental psychology, cognitive science more generally, sociology, and other relevant disciplines.
Philosophy of education is the branch of applied or practical philosophy concerned with the nature and aims of education and the philosophical problems arising from educational theory and practice. Its subject matter includes both basic philosophical issues e. In all this the philosopher of education prizes conceptual clarity, argumentative rigor, the fair-minded consideration of the interests of all involved in or affected by educational efforts and arrangements, and informed and well-reasoned valuation of educational aims and interventions. Many of the most distinguished figures in that tradition incorporated educational concerns into their broader philosophical agendas Curren , ; Rorty While that history is not the focus here, it is worth noting that the ideals of reasoned inquiry championed by Socrates and his descendants have long informed the view that education should foster in all students, to the extent possible, the disposition to seek reasons and the ability to evaluate them cogently, and to be guided by their evaluations in matters of belief, action and judgment.
The nature of epistemology
This course enables students to acquire an understanding of the nature of philosophy and philosophical reasoning skills and to develop and apply their knowledge and skills while exploring specialized branches of philosophy the course will cover at least three of the following branches: metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, aesthetics. Students will develop critical thinking and philosophical reasoning skills as they formulate and evaluate arguments related to a variety of philosophical questions and theories. They will also develop research and inquiry skills related to the study and practice of philosophy. In this first unit of the course, students will spend time looking at what truly makes a good philosopher. They will look at the elements of a definition, the various kinds of definitions that exist as well as the differences between these kinds of definitions. Students will then look at arguments with the aim of understanding their structure as well as the two different kinds of arguments that exist.
Epistemology , the philosophical study of the nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge. Epistemology has a long history within Western philosophy , beginning with the ancient Greeks and continuing to the present. Along with metaphysics , logic , and ethics , it is one of the four main branches of philosophy, and nearly every great philosopher has contributed to it. Why should there be a discipline such as epistemology? Aristotle — bce provided the answer when he said that philosophy begins in a kind of wonder or puzzlement.