Psychology of religion and spirituality pdf
Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality | SpringerLinkThe current paper presents literature relevant to the relationship of religiosity, spirituality, and personal beliefs with mental health and, in particular, anxiety disorders as an empirical narrative review, providing an overview on the most important and clinically relevant research results on the topic. However, scientific approaches to this field are complex and multidimensional, partly leading to poor operationalization, incomparable data, and contradictory results. Similar results could not be confidently replicated for other anxiety disorders. However, it is still unclear if these differences suggest a specific association with obsessive—compulsive traits and reflect deviating etiopathogenetic and cognitive aspects between obsessive—compulsive disorder and other anxiety disorders, or if these results are biased through other factors. The relationship between religious and personal beliefs and mental health has been studied extensively, indicating considerable correlations among these variables.
Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality
The datasets generated for this study are available on request to the corresponding author. Spirituality and religiosity have been found to be positive predictors of subjective well-being, even if results are not altogether consistent across studies. In order to test the role of spirituality operationalized as Purpose, Innerness, Interconnection, and Transcendence and religiosity operationalized as three dimensions of the religious identity: Commitment, In-depth Exploration, and Reconsideration of Commitment in subjective well-being, two path analysis models were run, one for each predictor. The models concerning religiosity were instead tested only on religious and uncertain, finding that the relationship between religiosity and subjective well-being changes across religious status. In particular, the main difference we found was that religious identity commitment positively predicted satisfaction with life among religious, but not among uncertain individuals. An interpretation of the results and their implications are discussed.
Journal of Adult Development. The current work is a combined review of several major theoretical issues in religious gerontology and of related research findings. It is intended to briefly inform, rather than to serve as a comprehensive review of the literature. The current author's primary goals are to put-forth points of information about contemporary terminology, to conceptualize motives for meaning-search at any age, to synthesize a few major findings and associated flaws in the research, and to describe a practical approach to the psychology of religion and spirituality i. Within the current work, the reader is directed to sources of extensive reviews of data and of broader theoretical debates. Unable to display preview.