Economic and philosophic manuscripts of 1844 summary pdf
Angel Hernandez, The Development of Marx’s Economic Thought, NLR I/72, March–AprilNot published by Marx during his lifetime, they were first released in by researchers in the Soviet Union. The notebooks are an early expression of Marx's analysis of economics, chiefly Adam Smith , and critique of the philosophy of G. They are best known for their early expression of Marx's argument that the conditions of modern industrial societies result in the estrangement or alienation of wage-workers from their own work, their own products, and in turn from themselves and from each other. Because the manuscripts show Marx's thought at the time of its early genesis, their publication, in English not until ,  has profoundly affected recent scholarship on Marx and Marxism , particularly regarding the relation of Marxism to earlier work in German Idealism. The young Marx had been relatively ignored until recently, because his early works were considered more "philosophical" and by some as not "scientific" enough, that is, "economic" as in Das Kapital. However, Marxist humanists regard this book as one of the most important texts by Marx and crucial for understanding his entire thought, and Marxians also refer to it. In the first manuscript in which there are extensive quotes on economics from Adam Smith,  Marx exposes his theory of alienation , which he adapted not without changes from Feuerbach 's The Essence of Christianity
The Development of Marx’s Economic Thought
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Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
In his university studies in Germany, Marx was primarily concerned with philosophical issues, specifically the philosophy of Hegel and his followers. In his early journalism he had discussed the plight of the Moselle wine growers, and the problem of Prussian wood thefts. In the latter, Marx came to the view that the state was serving the interests of private property owners, rather than the general interest. He had not yet developed the idea that the state is the instrument expressing the power of the dominant social class. While Marx also began to consider the proletariat as an important class, with communism as a goal, his approach was more philosophical than political.