Christianity and the constitution pdf
Is America A Christian Nation? | Americans United for Separation of Church and StateAernout J. Comparative law research regarding the relationship between state and religion often uses models. These models normally run from more to less separation between state and religion. In this article it will be argued that this approach is too simple. The relationship between state and religion has various dimensions. For ages, the relationship between state and religion, more particularly between state and church, has been studied.
Christianising Samoa’s constitution and religious freedom in the Pacific
Samoa is in the process of amending its Constitution to declare itself as a Christian country. This is an important development in an era of increasing religious intolerance and state-sponsored vilification. Conservatives value it as buffer against the intrusion of modernity and secularism. But this act of Christianising is typically symbolic and restricted only to the preamble which, on its own, is generally not an enforceable part of a constitution. But Samoa intends to go further. Second, it could amount to a form of theocracy.
Christian amendment describes any of several attempts to amend the United States Constitution by inserting explicitly Christian ideas and language. The most significant such attempt began during the American Civil War and was spearheaded by the National Reform Association. In February , during the American Civil War , a coalition of eleven Protestant denominations from seven northern states gathered to discuss the state of the nation. Seeing the Civil War as God's punishment for the omission of God from the Constitution, they discussed a proposed amendment to alter the wording of the Preamble to acknowledge God. The idea that civil governments derive their legitimacy from God , and Jesus in particular, was alleged to be based on Biblical passages such as Psalm 2 and Romans The original draft of the amendment, by Pennsylvania attorney John Alexander, read: .
The truth of the matter is that they were fearful of the potential interference by the federal government in its ability to place restrictions on the free exercise of the Christian religion. Consequently, they desired that the specifics of religion be left up to the discretion of the several states.
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America Is A Christian Nation
Academics, legislators, judges, and ordinary citizens all frequently seek to validate their opinions and policy prescriptions by identifying them with the statesmen who led America to nationhood. It is not surprising, therefore, that debates about the role of religion in the United States are infused with references to the faith of the Founding Fathers and to the two greatest documents they gave to the fledgling republic: the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution. People across the religious spectrum, from the most devout believers to the most committed atheists, look to these documents for support. Yet the blessings they offer are mixed. The Declaration contains several references to God, the Constitution none at all. The reasons for this variation reveal a great deal about the founding principles of the United States.
Constitutional references to God exist in the constitutions of a number of nations, most often in the preamble. A reference to God in a legal text is called invocatio dei "invocation of God" if the text itself is proclaimed in the name of the deity. A reference to God in another context is called nominatio dei "naming of God". Invocationes dei have a long tradition in European legal history outside national constitutions. In ancient times and the Middle Ages , gods or God were normally invoked in contracts to guarantee the agreements made,  and formulas such as "In the name of God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit" were used at the beginning of legal documents to emphasize the fairness and justness of the created norms. When written constitutions became the norm for modern states in the 19th century, several European states carried this tradition over to their founding documents and then retained it, while others — notably laicist France and states influenced by it — did not do so, so as to preserve the state's religious neutrality.
The founding of the Moral Majority in by Southern Baptist preacher Jerry Falwell placed Protestant evangelicals in the center of the American political stage. They use a stream of selective biblical quotes to buttress their political positions on a myriad of issues including abortion, homosexuality, marriage, capital punishment, private ownership of guns, public education and the legitimacy of preemptive wars initiated by the U. The election of George W. Politicians who do not use the bible to guide their public and private lives do not belong in government. More specifically, it focuses on the Church of the Holy Trinity v.