Theories of military intervention in politics pdf
Top 5 Reasons for Military Intervention in Nigerian Politics ▷ golfschule-mittersill.comMilitary rule , political regime in which the military as an organization holds a preponderance of power. The term military rule as used here is synonymous with military regime and refers to a subtype of authoritarian regime. For most of human history, attaching military to rule would have been redundant , because almost all political regimes in large-scale societies of the premodern period fused military, religious, economic, and monarchical power. The separation of military and civilian powers and the development of professional bureaucratic armed forces in European states in the 18th and 19th centuries gave birth to the contemporary understanding of military rule. Not all authoritarian regimes involve military rule. In the 20th century the most-repressive nondemocratic regimes, most notably the Nazis in Germany and the Stalinist regime in the Soviet Union , were party dictatorships in which civilian control of the military was well established. Other types of authoritarian rule distinct from military rule include traditional e.
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Five reasons for military intervention in Nigerian politics
In most developing countries, there is a disruption of the civil military equilibrium usually assumed in liberal democracies. In liberal tradition, the military is insulated from politics and subject to civilian control. In several developing countries, however, the military has not only intervened in the political process and overthrown the constitutional civilian authority, but it also often has established its supremacy over elected politicians. Even in those countries where the military has become almost a permanent feature of politics, military rule is still considered an aberration and symptomatic of a malfunctioning political system. In Nigeria , military rule was usually seen as a "rescue" operation necessary to save the country from civilian ineptitude.
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. This book explores the natures of recent stabilisation efforts and global upstream threats. As prevention is always cheaper than the crisis of state collapse or civil war, the future character of conflict will increasingly involve upstream stabilisation operations. However, the unpredictability and variability of state instability requires governments and militaries to adopt a diversity of approach, conceptualisation and vocabulary. Offering perspectives from theory and practice, the chapters in this collection provide crucial insight into military roles and capabilities, opportunities, risks and limitations, doctrine, strategy and tactics, and measures of effect relevant to operations in upstream environments. This volume will appeal to researchers and practitioners seeking to understand historical and current conflict.
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Understanding Third World Politics pp Cite as. Direct military intervention in the politics of Third World countries has been a depressingly regular occurrence since the high-water mark of post-war independence. Between and three-quarters of Latin American states experienced coups , as did half of the Third World Asian states and over half of the African states Clapham, , p. The s saw the trend continue strongly. Not a year passed without there being a coup or an attempted coup in some part of the Third World. Since there has been at least one coup attempt per developing country every five years World Bank, , p. Unable to display preview.
This article analyses the evolving relations between the military and political power in Portugal, from the time of the 19 th century liberal monarchy until the end of the 20 th century. In particular, it offers an interpretation of the impact of the diffusion of constitutionalist, republican, nationalist and socialist ideologies on military culture, and the norms guiding the attitudes and actions of military elites within the political arena. It takes into account their professional experience of war the African campaigns, the First World War and the colonial war of and the observed behaviour of the working classes recruited for these missions, in the context of the policies adopted by successive governments and political regimes. The international context is also considered, both with regard to dominant ideologies and established strategic interests. However, the same cannot be said of the prevailing political ideologies in each of these periods, despite the important contribution by Ferreira Although this overview refers concretely to the case of Portugal, it is not entirely specific to this country and its main lines of analysis correspond to general trends observable in other scenarios in the same periods, hence the inclusion of some comparative observations relating to situations in other countries see, for instance, Girardet, , for the case of France.
Military intervention in politics is a very common problem faced by developed and developing countries. Whether your country is democratic or totalitarian, you can still get the military forces involved in politics; this also happened in Nigeria during the period of military juntas. Let us take a look at the top 5 reasons for military intervention in Nigerian politics. Totalitarian and democratic regimes have a common problem, which is the possibility of military intervention. Students of various universities also focus on the individual and general cases of military interventions in politics. The main role of every military force in every country is to protect the country from external military forces. The Army is expected to provide and construct plans for the effective protection of citizens from the external threats.